Cholecystectomy - Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. Cholecystectomy is a common treatment of gallstones and other gallbladder conditions.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy- A laparoscopic surgery, also known as “minimally invasive surgery” or “keyhole surgery”, is a procedure wherein instead of one large incision, a few small incisions are made through which a laparoscope and the instruments for performing the surgery are inserted. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera attached in the front. Abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas, so that internal organs can be visualised easily through the camera. The gallbladder is removed and the openings are closed with sutures, clips or glue.
Open Cholecystectomy -An open cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder through an approximately 6 inches incision in the right upper abdomen.An open cholecystectomy might be required instead of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of:
- Past abdominal surgery
- Cirrhosis of liver
- Gallbladder cancer
- A condition that would make it difficult to see through the laparoscope